What are sentences?  Subject and predicate

What will you learn

*What is sentence
*Sentence structure
*Subject and predicate

What will you achieve

*You will get a clear idea about sentence
*Learn to classify subject and predicate
*Learn to make simple sentences in    English

What are sentences?

* Group of words are called sentences
* When we speak or write,we use group of words.


1. I’m happy.

2. Raj is talking.

3. Are you angry with me?

4. They are playing cricket.

5. He came here yesterday.

Sentence structure

*  A sentence is a group of words that are put together to mean something.   

*  A sentence is the basic unit of language which expresses a complete thought.

 * A sentence starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.

* sentence can be longer and more complicated, but basically there is always a subject and a predicate.



*The subject is what we are talking about
*Usually the subject of a sentence comes first.


*the predicate States an action done by the subject.
*the predicate always contains a verb.


# The predicate is everything in the sentence except for the subject!

# Predicates must have a verb.

# So we can say that a sentence must contain at least a subject and verb.

Let’s look at an example.

Jane picked flowers in the garden.

What did Jane do?
Yes! She picked flowers in the garden .
Jane is the subject and the predicate is everything else in the sentence: picked flowers in the garden.

Let’s practice!

What is the predicate of the sentence?

My brother ate all of the pizza.

“ate all of the pizza” is the predicate.
What did your brother, the subject, do?
 He ate all of the pizza.

Let’s try another!

What is the predicate of the sentence?

They went to the park yesterday.

Yes! ‘Went to the park yesterday’ is the predicate.
The subject is ‘ they ‘ and everything else in the sentence is the predicate.


A) Identify the subject in the following sentences

1. Rahim is intelligent.

2.we painted the subject.

3. Your words make me happy.

4. I like icecream.

5. Sriman opened the door.


1.Rahim,2.we, 3.your words , 4.I, 5.Sriman

B)  Give suitable predicate for the following. are_____________

2. She drinks_________

3.Ryon and Raj go to_________

4.He wrote his_________

5.The children were_________

(Answers may vary)

C)  Basic English phrase

1My name is _____.

2.I’m sorry, I don’t remember your name. You are___

3.I’m sorry, I don’t understand. Could you please repeat that

4.It’’s time for me to go.can we continue later

5. thank you so much for your help!