Types of NOUNS

What will you learn

  • What is a noun
  • 10 different types nouns

NOUNS

  • Naming words are called nouns
  • Name of a person, place, animal and things are called a noun
  • Eg:      girl, Aswandh, boy, Singapore, table,chair, pen, pencil
  • Nouns are an important part of speech in English .

There are several different types of English nouns.

Let’s see  10 different types of nouns in English.

Different types of nouns

1. Common nouns

  • A common noun is a noun that refers to people or things in general.
  • A common is a common name of a person, place, animal or things


E.g _       boy, country, bridge, city, birth, day, house, cat, girl.

Common nouns in sentences

Eg

  • I like chocolate.
  • Ramya went to the library.
  • Chennai is a big city.
  • My friends are reading books.
  • Vijay is a famous actor.

2. Proper nouns

  • A proper noun is a name that identifies a particular person, place, or thing.
  • A proper noun is a particular name of a person, place, animal or things.
  • In written English, proper nouns begin with capital letters.
  • Eg.     Steven, Africa, London, Monday, Spain, Fido, Sony

Proper nouns in sentences

  • Alex is a wonderful player.
  • He was born in England.
  • He moved to Australia when he was young.
  • He lives in Sydney.
  • He has a house across the Georges River.
  • He goes for a walk by the river every Monday.

3. Singular nouns

Singular nouns are nouns that refer to only one person, place or thing.

Eg

house, cat, girl, foot, country

4. Plural nouns

A plural noun refers to more than one of something.

Many singular nouns just need an S added at the end to make them plural .

Eg.        

  • cat        _   cats
  • girl       _ girls
  • pencil  _  pencils
  • boy      _  boys
  • shoe    _   Shoes

For some nouns that already end with an S, you may need to add -es to the end to make their plural form.

Eg.

  • class         _  classes
  • bus           _   buses
  • dress        _   dresses
  • glass         _   glasses
  • dish          _    dishes

Some singular nouns also change spelling when made plural

(e.g.  and ).

  • country  _ countries
  • baby        _ babies
  • Knife       _ knives
  • wife         _ wives
  • shelf        _ shelves

Not all nouns follow this pattern. some nouns have irregular plural form

Eg.

  • foot      _ feet
  • mouse _ mice
  • tooth    _ teeth
  • child     _ children
  • man      _ men

5. Concrete noun

A concrete noun is a noun which refers to people and to things that exist physically and can be seen, touched, smelled, heard, or tasted.

concrete nouns eg:


table, apple, rabbit, ear,dog, building, coffee, tree, rain, beach,

6) Abstract nouns

An abstract noun is a noun which refers to ideas, qualities, and conditions – things that cannot be seen or touched and things which have no physical reality

e.g.

truth, danger, happiness, time,love, creativity, democracy, friendship, humour.

7) Collective nouns

A collective noun refers to a group that functions as one unit

8.Countable nouns


A countable noun is one that you can count. When you have two chocolates or 10 pencils, you are describing a noun that is countable.

Eg.


table, apple, rabbit, ear

9) Uncountable nouns



An uncountable noun is one that cannot be counted.

Eg.

Water, salt, luggage

Parts of Speech

There are 8 parts of speech in English language.

Every single sentence that you speak has parts of speech

As each has different function in sentence, they make the sentences grammatically correct.

Noun

Noun is a naming word .

It names a person, place, animal or things.

Eg :

  • Raju , Ryon ,Jothi _ person
  • India, Chennai, library _ place
  • Cheetah, peacock, ant _ animal
  • Table, pencil, mobile phone _ things

Noun in sentences

  • My teacher is a very nice person
  • Ranveer is going to America
  • I love dogs, but I hate cats.
  • George is very clever but he doesn’t study his lessons .
  • It was a small animal like mouse.

Pronoun

Replace the name of a person, place, animal,things or Idea in a sentence.

Eg: I, we , you, they,he,she,it,our

  • Ryon is  a very nice friend. He always helps me with my home work.
  • She asked me to complete the project by this evening.
  • They are good at playing football .
  • You have to come to my birthday party.
  • I had forgotten my wallet in the room.

Verb

Verbs are words that they show an action

Eg : Stand, run , write, eat , see

Verb in sentence

  • Rekha ran to school as she was late
  • I like icecream
  • She accepted the job offer.
  • She yelled when she hit her toe.
  • The dog smelled the bone

Adjective

It describes a noun or pronoun

Eg : short , beautiful, old , young, seven

  • Fatimah has a huge house with six rooms.
  • She wore a beautiful dress.
  • He writes meaningless letters.
  • This shop is much nicer.
  • Ben is an adorable boy

Adverb

Adverb describes a verb or an adjective. The adverb tells us how often, when , where or how

Eg : slowly, yesterday, always

  • Phillip sings loudly in the shower.
  • My cat waits impatiently for his food.
  • I will seriously consider your suggestion.
  • He is always late for the school.
  • The woman is quite pretty.

Interjection

Express strong emotions and in often followed by an exclamation mark.

Eg: wow ! Oh!

  • Wow! The view is amazing.
  • Hey! I haven’t seen you in a long time.
  • I dropped my phone again, ugh!
  • Hey! Get off that floor.
  • Good! Now we can move on.

Conjunction

Conjunction connects words, phrases or clauses in a sentence

Eg : and, but , although, however

  • I like to watch the T.V and eat popcorn.
  • I like cooking and eating, but I don’t like washing dishes afterward.
  • Sophie is clearly exhausted, yet she insists on dancing till dawn.
  • Bill is tough, although he’s small.
  • Though he’s tall, George can’t lift weights

Preposition

It describes the place, time or direction. It’s used before a noun or pronoun

Eg : under , above, during

  • The cat jumped over the box .
  • Get into the car quickly.
  • We are late to school
  • The shop is at the end of the street.
  • You are standing on my foot.

ADDITION

WHAT IS ADDITION?

1.Addition usually signified by the plus symbol (+).
2.Addition is one of the four basic operations of arithmetic.
3.The addition is taking two or more numbers and adding them together,
4.That is, it is the total sum of two or more numbers.
5.We always Start adding from the ones digit and move towards the digits at the highest place.

WHAT WILL YOU LEARN UNDER THIS TOPIC :

1. You will begin to understand place value in numbers.  2. You will be able to add numbers.  3.You will mentally add numbers beginning with the biggest number and counting on.  4.You will learn the place value of numbers.  5.You will use adding when you are counting your money or count things like pencils, Books, chocolates, dresses, etc.

WHAT WILL THEY ACHIEVE

1.Addition helps kids master the relationships between numbers and understand how quantities relate to one another.  2.Adding is one of the important bases of their lives.  3.They will begin to relate addition to combining two groups of objects.  4.They will begin to relate addition by counting on from the largest number.

WHAT IS PLACE VALUE 

1. Place value is the basis of our entire number system.  2.This is the system in which the position of a digit in a number determines its value.  3.For example :In 27, 2 is in the tens place and its place value is 20, 7 is in ones place and its place value is 7.

STEPS :

 Step 1: Write the numbers one below the other as per the places of the digits  Step 2: Start adding from ones digit,write the sum under the ones digit. If the sum of the ones digit is greater than 9,write the ones digit of the sum under the ones and carry forward its tens digit to the tens column   Step 3: Add the tens digit. 

ADDITION 

Adding 0

0+1=1

0+2=2

0+3=3

0+4=4

0+5=5

0+6=6

0+7=7

0+8=8

0+9=9

Adding 1

1+0=1

1+1=2

1+2=3

1+3=4

1+4=5

1+5=6

1+6=7

1+7=8

1+8=9

1+9=10

Adding 2

2+0=2

2+1=3

2+2=4

2+3=5

2+4=6

2+5=7

2+6=8

2+7=9

2+8=10

Adding 3

3+0=3

3+1=4

3+2=5

3+3=6

3+4=7

3+5=8

3+6=9

3+7=10

Adding 4

4+0=4

4+1=5

4+2=6

4+3=7

4+4=8

4+5=9

4+6=10 

Adding 5

5+0=5

5+1=6

5+2=7

5+3=8

5+4=9

5+5=10 

Adding 6

6+0=6

6+1=7

6+2=8

6+3=9

6+4=10

Adding 7

 7+0=7

7+1=8

7+2=9

7+3=10

Adding 8

 8+0=8

8+1=9

8+2=10

Adding 9

9+0=9

9+1=10

NUMBERS

FROM ONE TO NINE

WHAT IS NUMBERS?
● We count things using numbers.
● We start counting things from 1
● The numbers 1,2,3,4…..are called counting numbers or
Natural numbers.
● We use zero (0) to show nothing
● The counting numbers or whole numbers along with zero form
Whole numbers.

WHAT WILL YOU LEARN UNDER THIS TOPIC
● You will count with understanding.
● Recognise “how many”.
● Count with and without objects, forward and backward.
● Recognise that a number can be used to represent how many
objects are in a set.
● It helps you to calculate easier.
● You will get confidence in counting.

WHAT WILL THEY ACHIEVE
● Number sense promotes confidence and encourages flexible
thinking.
● They can relate numbers to Quantities.
● They understand that numbers have an order and also be able to
count numbers easily.

NUMBERS FROM ONE TO NINE

ONE

TWO

THREE

FOUR

SHAPES

WHAT ARE SHAPES?

● Everything we see in the world around us has a shape
● We can find different basic shapes such as the two dimensional square, rectangle
and oval or the three dimensional rectangular prism, cylinder and sphere in the
objects we see around us.
● These geometric shapes appear in objects we see as credit cards, bills and coins,
finger rings, photo frames, huts, windows, magician’s wands, tall buildings, flower
pots, toy trains and balloons.

WHAT WILL YOU LEARN UNDER THIS TOPIC

○ It enable you to be more in tune to the world around you and see the
connection between objects
○ It helps you to learn how to Count
○ It helps you to identify and organise visual information
○ It helps you to understand other signs and symbols
● You will learn how to form patterns with shapes

WHAT WILL THEY ACHIEVE


Students will be able to
● Identify specific shapes
● Recognize shapes in the environment
● Create original works of art using the shapes

TWO DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRIC SHAPES

CIRCLE

Example : Wheel, clock, cake, Chapathi, pizza

SEMI CIRCLE

Examples:Protractor,Japanese fan, Tunnel, Moon

OVAL

Examples :Egg, Balloon, Watermelon,grapes

TRIANGLE

Examples :Roof, Pyramid,
Sandwich slice

SQUARE

Examples:Tiles, Bread, Chocolate, Window, photo frame.

RECTANGLE

Examples: Laptop, Books, Bed, Credit cards, Black board, Ruler, Door, Mobile.

STAR

DIAMOND

HEART

SHAPES WORKSHEET

MATCH THE SHAPES TO ITS NAME

MATCH THE OBJECT TO ITS SHAPE

1.How many triangles are there?

2.How many circles are there?

3.How many rectangles are there?

4.How many squares are there?

5.How many stars are there?

Types of sentences

What will you learn

You will learn the four types of sentences

* Declarative / Assertive

* Interrogative

* Imperative

* Exclamatory

What will you achieve

* When you understand each unique type of sentence, you’ll become a stronger writer.

* You can express your emotions clearly through writing , when you learn the types of sentences.

Types of sentences

There are four types of English sentence, classified by their purpose


They tell us something. They give us information,

1. Declarative

* A declarative sentence states the facts or an opinion and lets the reader know something specific.

* It always ends with a period.

Some basic declarative sentence examples are:

1. He plays.
2. She sings.
3. I like drawing.
4. Ryon feels happy.
5. My cat is black.

Declarative sentence can be a simple or compound sentence.

Compound declarative sentences are joined by a comma and a conjunction such as and, yet, or but.

Some examples of compound declarative sentences are:

1. He wanted to play football, but she wanted to play basketball.

2. Marie loves the beach, yet she hates sand.

3. She plays the piano, and he sings along.

4. She had to make the next flight; she quickly packed her bag.

5. The house has new windows; however, the roof still leaks.

2. Interrogative Sentences

* They ask us something.

* They want information, and they always end with a question mark.

For example:

1. What is your name?

2. Do you have a pencil?

3. Whose book is this?

Compound sentences can be interrogative:

1. Who are you and why are you here?

2. How much does it cost and why do you need it?

3. I don’t know his home phone number, so can you call his cell phone?

3. Exclamatory Sentences

They are similar to declarative sentences in that they provide information, but they end in an exclamation point instead of a period.

For example:

1. What a beautiful palace!

2. Wow, he just won a gold medal!

3. Alas, she lost her purse!

You can make exclamatory sentences with compound sentences as well:

1. My new job is a wonderful opportunity and it offers great benefits!

2. We knew you wanted to visit Paris, so we bought you a ticket!

4. Imperative Sentences

They tell us to do something.


Many imperative sentences end in periods, but some of the more forceful demands may end in an exclamation point to highlight the emotion.

For example:

  • How he lied!How exciting the movie was!
  • Please shut the door to keep out the bugs.
  • Turn left at the bridge.
  • Stop bothering me!

You’ll find compound imperative sentences like this:

  • Put your phone away and listen to me!


NOTE

That there is usually no subject—because the subject is understood, it is YOU.

Example

  • Stop!
  • Give me my money.

Sentence

What are sentences?  Subject and predicate

What will you learn

*What is sentence
*Sentence structure
*Subject and predicate

What will you achieve

*You will get a clear idea about sentence
*Learn to classify subject and predicate
*Learn to make simple sentences in    English

What are sentences?

* Group of words are called sentences
* When we speak or write,we use group of words.

Example

1. I’m happy.

2. Raj is talking.

3. Are you angry with me?

4. They are playing cricket.

5. He came here yesterday.

Sentence structure

*  A sentence is a group of words that are put together to mean something.   

*  A sentence is the basic unit of language which expresses a complete thought.

 * A sentence starts with a capital letter and ends with a full stop, question mark or exclamation mark.

* sentence can be longer and more complicated, but basically there is always a subject and a predicate.

Example

Subject

*The subject is what we are talking about
*Usually the subject of a sentence comes first.

Predicate

*the predicate States an action done by the subject.
*the predicate always contains a verb.

Hint

# The predicate is everything in the sentence except for the subject!

# Predicates must have a verb.

# So we can say that a sentence must contain at least a subject and verb.

Let’s look at an example.

Jane picked flowers in the garden.

What did Jane do?
Yes! She picked flowers in the garden .
Jane is the subject and the predicate is everything else in the sentence: picked flowers in the garden.

Let’s practice!

What is the predicate of the sentence?

My brother ate all of the pizza.

Great! 
“ate all of the pizza” is the predicate.
What did your brother, the subject, do?
 He ate all of the pizza.

Let’s try another!

What is the predicate of the sentence?

They went to the park yesterday.

Yes! ‘Went to the park yesterday’ is the predicate.
The subject is ‘ they ‘ and everything else in the sentence is the predicate.

Exercise

A) Identify the subject in the following sentences

1. Rahim is intelligent.

2.we painted the subject.

3. Your words make me happy.

4. I like icecream.

5. Sriman opened the door.

Ans:

1.Rahim,2.we, 3.your words , 4.I, 5.Sriman

B)  Give suitable predicate for the following.

1.you are_____________

2. She drinks_________

3.Ryon and Raj go to_________

4.He wrote his_________

5.The children were_________

(Answers may vary)

C)  Basic English phrase

1My name is _____.

2.I’m sorry, I don’t remember your name. You are___

3.I’m sorry, I don’t understand. Could you please repeat that

4.It’’s time for me to go.can we continue later

5. thank you so much for your help!